Lamb Wave Interaction at Delamination and Debondings Due to Impact Damage in Complex Stiffened CFRP Structures

[+] Author and Article Information
Benjamin Eckstein

Airbus Group Innovations, Airbus-Allee 1, 28199 Bremen, Germany

Maria Moix Bonet

German Aerospace Center, Lilienthalplatz 7, 38108 Braunschweig, Germany

Martin Bach

Airbus Group Innovations, Airbus-Allee 1, 28199 Bremen, Germany

Claus-Peter Fritzen

University of Siegen, Paul-Bonatz-Str. 9-11, 57076 Siegen, Germany

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4039692 History: Received August 31, 2017; Revised March 09, 2018


The increased usage of Carbon Fiber Reinforced Plastics (CFRP) for primary aerospace structures involves dealing with the principal susceptibility of composite laminates to impact loads as well as the occurrence of barely visible impact damages. One special case among the variety of impact sources is the so called blunt impact, which may cause primarily damage to the internal structure. Therefore, the assessment of debonding of stiffening elements in CFRP structures poses an attractive application case for Structural Health Monitoring by Guided Ultrasonic Waves. Wave propagation phenomena at impact damages as well as the utilized signal processing to extract a damage related feature (i.e. damage index) contribute to the sensitivity and thus to the reliability of SHM systems. This work is based on data from the EU-funded project SARISTU, where a generic CFRP door surrounding fuselage panel with an integrated sensor network has been built and tested by introducing a large number of impact damages. Wave interaction of delaminations and stringer debondings of different size and morphology in omega-stringer stiffened structures are examined to highlight the factors contributing to the sensitivity. Common damage indicator formulations for use with imaging algorithms, such as the Reconstruction Algorithm for the Probabilistic Inspection of Damage (RAPID), are applied on data from various damage cases. Furthermore, the difference in detectability of delaminations and debondings as well as the implications on imaging algorithms are examined.

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