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research-article

In situ Thermal Nondestructive Evaluation for Assessing Part Quality During Composite Automated Fiber Placement

[+] Author and Article Information
Elizabeth Gregory

NASA Langley Research Center Hampton, VA 23681
elizabeth.d.gregory@nasa.gov

Peter Juarez

NASA Langley Research Center Hampton, VA 23681
peter.d.juarez@nasa.gov

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4040764 History: Received January 26, 2018; Revised July 02, 2018

Abstract

This paper presents data from an innovative nondestructive evaluation method for automated composite fiber placement fabrication. Using Infrared images of the fiber as it was being placed we are able to provide valuable information about the quality of the part during fabrication. Herein, we discuss the methodology for data collection and processing. The described in-situ thermal nondestructive evaluation process is found to be applicable for identifying fiber tow overlaps, gaps, twists, puckering and poor ply adhesion prior to cure, thereby reducing the time and cost associated with post cure flaw repair or scrapping parts. This paper also describes the process of assembling data sets for an entire part beyond simple frame by frame analysis. Example data sets for both a flat part and a larger cylindrical part are presented to demonstrate the type of defect characterization information that can be obtained.

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