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Review Article

Experimental Model of Impact Damage for Guided Wave-Based Inspection of Composites

[+] Author and Article Information
Mohammad H. Sherafat

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Macdonald Engineering Building,
McGill University,
817 Sherbrooke Street West,
Montreal, QC H3A 0C3, Canada
e-mail: Mohammad.Sherafat@mail.mcgill.ca

Nicolas Quaegebeur

GAUS – Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Université de Sherbrooke,
2500 blvd Université,
Sherbrooke, QC J1K 2R1, Canada
e-mail: Nicolas.Quaegebeur@USherbrooke.ca

Pascal Hubert

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Macdonald Engineering Building,
McGill University,
817 Sherbrooke Street West,
Montreal, QC H3A 0C3, Canada
e-mail: Pascal.Hubert@mcgill.ca

Larry Lessard

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Macdonald Engineering Building,
McGill University,
817 Sherbrooke Street West,
Montreal, QC H3A 0C3, Canada
e-mail: Larry.Lessard@mcgill.ca

Patrice Masson

GAUS – Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Université de Sherbrooke,
2500 blvd Université
Sherbrooke, QC J1K 2R1, Canada
e-mail: Patrice.Masson@USherbrooke.ca

1Corresponding author.

Manuscript received February 8, 2018; final manuscript received June 26, 2018; published online August 16, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Francesco Lanza di Scalea.

ASME J Nondestructive Evaluation 1(4), 040801 (Aug 16, 2018) (8 pages) Paper No: NDE-18-1006; doi: 10.1115/1.4040719 History: Received February 08, 2018; Revised June 26, 2018

The objective of this work is to assess to which extent the interaction of antisymmetric ultrasonic guided waves with impact damage can be captured with an experimental model consisting of a single artificial delamination in composite structures. The structures of interest are composed of unidirectional prepreg carbon fiber-reinforced polymer (CFRP) with a quasi-isotropic layup. The artificial delamination is introduced into the laminate using two circular Teflon tapes during manufacturing and the realistic damage is simulated by impacting the samples at two energy levels. Two colocalized rectangular piezoceramics are used to generate an antisymmetric mode and noncontact measurement is performed using a three-dimensional (3D) laser Doppler vibrometer (3D-LDV) to extract the required information for evaluation of the reflection, transmission, as well as the scattering behavior of the antisymmetric mode. The corresponding coefficients as a function of frequency, incident angle, and type of damage are extracted. It is found that the amplitude of the coefficients and directivity patterns of scattered waves are barely affected by incident angle but significantly by the impact energy. In light of the results, design guidelines are proposed for efficient guided wave inspection of composite structures submitted to impacts.

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Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Illustration of the piezoceramic excitation clamp (top-left), the experimental setup (top-right), and the experimental configuration for reflection, transmission, and scattering characterization (bottom)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Reflection coefficients of the A0 mode for the four composite samples, incident angle φinc of 180 deg (dashed lines), 135 deg (solid lines), and 90 deg (dotted lines)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Transmission coefficients of the A0 mode for the four composite samples, incident angle φinc of 180 deg (dashed lines), 135 deg (solid lines), and 90 deg (dotted lines)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Diffraction pattern of the A0 mode excited at 50 kHz, 180 deg (left), 135 deg (middle), and 90 deg (right) for the four damaged plates: Teflon 3, 4 (black or darker), Teflon 8, 9 (yellow or lighter), 10 J (blue or light), and 15 J (red or dark)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Diffraction pattern of the A0 mode excited at 200 kHz, 180 deg (left), 135 deg (middle), and 90 deg (left) for the four damaged samples: Teflon 3, 4 (black or darker), Teflon 8, 9 (yellow or lighter), 10J (blue or light), and 15J (red or dark)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

Diffraction pattern of the A0 mode excited at 350 kHz, 180 deg (left), 135 deg (middle), and 90 deg (right) for the four damaged samples: Teflon 3, 4 (black or darker), Teflon 8, 9 (yellow or lighter), 10 J (blue or light), and 15 J (red or dark)

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