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research-article

Decoupling of Multiple Concurrent Faults for Diagnosing Coal-cutter Gearboxes: An Extensive Experimental Investigation with Multi-Channel Sensor Measurements

[+] Author and Article Information
Zhixiong Li

23 High-Court Wollongong, NSW 2522 Australia zhixiong_li@uow.edu.au

Fushun Liu

238 Songling Rd Tsingdao, Shandong 266100 China percyliu@ouc.edu.cn

Shuaishuai Sun

2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai, 980-8577, Japan Sendai, Miyagi 980-8577 Japan shuaishuai.sun.b1@tohoku.ac.jp

Th. Sarkodie-Gyan

500 W. University Avenue El Paso, TX 79968 tsarkodi@utep.edu

Weihua Li

Faculty of Engineering Wollongong, NSW 2522 Australia weihuali@uow.edu.au

1Corresponding author.

Manuscript received November 27, 2018; final manuscript received July 29, 2019; published online xx xx, xxxx. Assoc. Editor: Zhongqing Su.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4044445 History: Received November 27, 2018; Accepted July 29, 2019

Abstract

Due to harsh operating environments in underground coal seams, the key components (e.g., gear pairs and bearings) in the power transmission systems of coal-cutters suffer from extreme wear and functional damages. To guarantee the safe and reliable operation of the coal cutters, it is important to monitor the condition of their transmission systems and detect possible faults in a timely manner. A challenging task here is to diagnose multiple concurrent faults. A literature review indicates that the current interests lie on the decoupling of multiple co-existing faults, and that very limited work has been done to deal with the dependence/correlation between the fault signals. In order to address this issue, this work extends our previous work on gear crack detection using the bounded component analysis (BCA), and proposes an improved BCA-based approach to decoupling hybrid faults with high dependence/correlation in coal-cutter transmission systems. The proposed approach incorporates the Vold-Kalman order tracking and spectral kurtosis into an improved BCA framework (OTBCA-SK). Owing to the uniform sampling of order tracking, the influence of background noise and rotational speed variation on vibration signals can be effectively reduced. Since BCA is capable of handling vibration sources that are statistically dependent, OTBCA-SK can decouple both independent and dependent source signals. As a result, the vibration sources excited by hybrid faults, though maybe dependent/correlated, can be fully decoupled into single fault vibration source signals. Three specially designed case studies were used to evaluate the effectiveness of the proposed OTBCA-SK approach in decoupling hybrid gear faults. The analysis results demonstrate better performance of hybrid fault decoupling using OTBCA-SK than that of three representative techniques, i.e., Erdogan's BCA (E-BCA), joint approximate diagonalization of eigen-matrices (JADE) and fast independent component analysis (FastICA). These case studies also suggest that the proposed OTBCA-SK approach can retain the physical meaning of the original vibration and is hence suitable for hybrid fault diagnosis in practical applications.

Copyright © 2019 by ASME
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