A simulation program for transient analysis of the start-up procedure of heavy duty gas turbines for power generation has been constructed. Unsteady one-dimensional conservation equations are used and equation sets are solved numerically using a fully implicit method. A modified stage-stacking method has been adopted to estimate the operation of the compressor. Compressor stages are grouped into three categories (front, middle, rear), to which three different stage characteristic curves are applied in order to consider the different low-speed operating characteristics. Representative start-up sequences were adopted. The dynamic behavior of a representative heavy duty gas turbine was simulated for a full start-up procedure from zero to full speed. Simulated results matched the field data and confirmed unique characteristics such as the self-sustaining and the possibility of rear-stage choking at low speeds. Effects of the estimated schedules on the start-up characteristics were also investigated. Special attention was paid to the effects of modulating the variable inlet guide vane on start-up characteristics, which play a key role in the stable operation of gas turbines.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.