Direct fired oxy-fuel combustion provides a promising method for heat addition into a supercritical carbon dioxide (sCO2) power cycle. Using this method of thermal energy input into the cycle allows for potentially higher fuel to bus bar cycle efficiency. In addition, the nature of the sCO2 power cycle lends itself to easy and efficient capture of 99% of the CO2 generated in the combustion process. sCO2 power cycles typically operate at pressures above 200 bar, and due to the high degree of recuperation found in these cycles, have a very high combustor inlet temperature. Past works have explored combustor inlet temperatures high enough to be in the autoignition regime. The inlet temperatures which will be explored in this work will be limited to 700°C, which will allows for very different combustor geometry than that which has been studied in the past. While this combustor inlet temperature is lower than that previously studied, when combined with the extremely high pressure, this poses several unique and difficult design challenges.

In order to explore these unique design conditions a reliable and robust CFD solution method was developed. This reliable CFD solution methodology enables rapid iteration on various geometries. This paper will explore the CFD modeling setup and the assumptions which were made in the absence of well experimental data in this combustor regime. Exploration of methodology to account for possible variations in chemical kinetics due to the lack of validated kinetic models in the current literature will also be discussed.

The results from the CFD runs will be discussed and the combustor design, and next steps to complete a detailed combustor design will also be discussed. This work will enable future work in the development of oxy-fuel combustors for direct fired sCO2 power. This promising technology enables the use of fossil fuels with up to 99% carbon capture, while maintaining an overall cycle efficiency competitive with natural gas combined cycle power plants.

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