Abstract

Pressurized solid oxide fuel cell systems are a particularly attractive conversion technology for their high electric efficiency, potential for cogeneration applications, low carbon emissions and high performance at part-load. In this work an innovative biofueled hybrid system is considered, where the fuel cell stack is pressurized with a turbocharger, resulting in a system with improved cost effectiveness than a microturbine-based one at small scales.

In a previous work, a detailed steady state model of the system, featuring components validated with industrial data, was developed to simulate the system and analyze its behavior in different conditions. The results obtained from this model were used to create response surfaces capable of evaluating the impact of the main operating parameters (fuel cell area, stack current density and recuperator surface) on the performance and the profitability of the plant considering system uncertainties.

In this paper, similar but extended response surfaces will be used to perform a multi-objective optimization of the system considering the capital costs of the plant and the net power produced as objectives (turbocharger is fixed in geometry). The impact of the energy market scenario on the optimal design of such a system will be investigated considering its installation in three different countries. Finally, the Pareto front produced by optimization will be used to evaluate the robustness of the top performance solutions.

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