An experimental investigation has been performed to study the effect of hole shape and position on the cooling performance of a gas turbine stator. Two rows of laid-back fan-shaped holes are placed on the pressure side of a scaled vane in a two-dimensional cascade and compared with two identical rows of standard cylindrical exit. Both hole shapes have the same base diameter and were investigated at three different blowing ratios (1, 1.35, and 1.7) with the same coolant flow rate used in each case. The experiments are conducted for the first row of holes only, then for the second row only, and finally for both two rows together at a 0.9 density ratio. The mainstream inlet Reynolds number based on the true chord is 1.4E5 and the exit Mach number is 0.23. The local distributions of the heat transfer coefficient and film cooling effectiveness are obtained using a transient TLC technique. The second row of holes, with by a higher local radius of curvature, shows a 40% decrease in the cooling effectiveness as well as a 10% increase in the heat transfer coefficient near downstream of the hole compared with that obtained by the first hole. The double injection provides a slight increase in the cooling effectiveness and a lower heat transfer coefficient due to the favorable interaction between both injections.
Experimental Investigation of Double Rows Film Cooling on Vane Pressure Side
Elnady, T, Hassan, I, Kadem, L, & Lucas, T. "Experimental Investigation of Double Rows Film Cooling on Vane Pressure Side." Proceedings of the ASME 2012 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition. Volume 7: Fluids and Heat Transfer, Parts A, B, C, and D. Houston, Texas, USA. November 9–15, 2012. pp. 1917-1926. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/IMECE2012-85875
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