Hysteretic behavior in piezoceramic transducers is investigated theoretically and experimentally. The applicability of the rate-independent generalized Maxwell resistive capacitor (MRC) hysteresis model is established. Methods for MRC and inverse MRC online model identification are developed by first establishing that the MRC and its inverse are the same particular cases of the classical Preisach hysteresis model. This enables use of the extensive mathematical framework that has been developed for Preisach models. A method of incorporating the MRC model in a feedforward control scheme for hysteresis compensation is also presented. Experimental studies on a 1-3 piezoceramic composite support the theoretical developments and their applicability to piezoceramics.