Spherical pressure vessels are used to fully contain the effects of high explosions. In this paper, the vibrations of a spherical containment vessel undergoing elastic response are investigated. Vibration modes of containment vessels are of particular interest, as it is the superposition and interaction of different modes of response with closely spaced frequencies that has been reported to be the mechanism of ‘strain growth’. First, the modal frequencies of a spherical shell for both axisymmetric and nonaxisymmetric response modes are discussed, based on a sequence of papers that have appeared in the open literature. Analytical predictions are then compared with numerical simulations using ABAQUS. It is found that the numerical simulations accurately predict both the axisymmetric and nonaxisymmetric modal frequencies for the complete spherical shell. Next, numerical simulations of modal frequencies for the more complex spherical containment vessel (with nozzles) are compared with the spherical shell results. Numerical simulations for the spherical containment vessel reveal that frequencies are somewhat similar to the complete spherical shell. Limited comparisons with experimentally recorded frequencies for participating modes of vessel dynamic response during high explosive containment testing are presented as well.
- Pressure Vessels and Piping Division
Vibration Modes of Spherical Shells and Containment Vessels
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Duffey, TA, & Romero, C. "Vibration Modes of Spherical Shells and Containment Vessels." Proceedings of the ASME 2002 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference. Design and Analysis of Piping, Vessels, and Components. Vancouver, BC, Canada. August 5–9, 2002. pp. 177-184. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/PVP2002-1277
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