During the transportation of spent nuclear fuel by truck, the possibility exists that a train could run into the spent fuel cask at a grade crossing. Sandia National Laboratories has conducted a numerical study to assess the possibility of cask breach or material release in the event of a high-speed, broadside locomotive collision. A numerical approach has the advantage over conducting a physical test as was done in the 1970s [1] in that varying parameters can be examined. For example, one of the criticisms of the 1970s test was the height of the cask. In the test, the centerline of the cask was above the main frame-rails of the locomotive. In this study the position of the cask with respect to the locomotive was varied. The response of the cask and trailer in different collision scenarios was modeled numerically with LS-DYNA [2]. The simulations were performed as a collaborative endeavor between Sandia National Laboratories (SNL), Applied Research Associates, Inc. (ARA) and Foster-Miller, Inc (FMI). ARA developed the GA-4 Spent Fuel Cask and Cask Transporter models described in this report. These models were then combined with two existing FMI heavy freight locomotive finite element models to create the overall simulation scenarios. The modeling effort, results, and conclusions are presented in this paper.

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