A simple model to analyze the non-linear density-wave instability in a sodium cooled, helically coiled steam generator is developed. The model is formulated with three regions with moving boundaries. The homogeneous equilibrium flow model is used for the two-phase region and the shell-side energy conservation is also considered for the heat flux variation in each region. The proposed model is applied to the analysis of two-phase instability in a JAEA (Japan Atomic Energy Agency) 50MWt No.2 steam generator. The steady state results show that the proposed model accurately predicts the six cases of the operating temperatures in the primary and secondary sides. The sizes of the three regions and the secondary side pressure drop according to the flow rate, and the temperature variation in the vertical direction are also predicted well. The temporal variations of the inlet flow rate according to the throttling coefficient, the boiling and superheating boundaries and the pressure drop in the two-phase and superheating regions are obtained from the unsteady analysis.
Simple Nonlinear Methods for Predicting Two-Phase Instabilities in a Helically Coiled Steam Generator
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Choi, S, Kim, S, & Kang, H. "Simple Nonlinear Methods for Predicting Two-Phase Instabilities in a Helically Coiled Steam Generator." Proceedings of the ASME 2007 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference. Volume 4: Fluid-Structure Interaction. San Antonio, Texas, USA. July 22–26, 2007. pp. 551-558. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/PVP2007-26484
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