In recent years, both pseudo-dynamic and real time heterogeneous testing with dynamic substructuring — hybrid testing — have gained significant popularity for their applicability to testing several types of nonlinear structures/systems. In a hybrid test, a heterogeneous model of the emulated system is created by combining a Physical Substructure (PS) with a Numerical Substructure (NS) that describes the remainder of the system. Nevertheless, an efficient implementation of this technique requires overcoming certain problems, e. g., proper dynamic substructuring, reduction of external forces and actuator delay compensation. This paper presents a pseudo-dynamic test campaign undertaken by the University of Trento, Italy, on a typical full-scale industrial piping system subjected to earthquake loading in order to investigate its seismic performance. Some challenges faced during the implementation are shown and strategies adopted to overcome these problems are illustrated. Experimental activities will be described and performances of different components of the piping system, i.e., elbows, tee-joints, bolted flange joints and straight pipes under earthquake loading with the presence of an internal pressure of 3.2 MPa will be presented and commented.
Pseudo-Dynamic Heterogeneous Testing With Dynamic Substructuring of a Piping System Under Earthquake Loading
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Reza, MS, Bursi, OS, Abbiati, G, & Bonelli, A. "Pseudo-Dynamic Heterogeneous Testing With Dynamic Substructuring of a Piping System Under Earthquake Loading." Proceedings of the ASME 2013 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference. Volume 8: Seismic Engineering. Paris, France. July 14–18, 2013. V008T08A016. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/PVP2013-97441
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