Cr-Mo and Ni-Cr-Mo high-strength low-alloy steels are candidate materials for the storage of high-pressure hydrogen gas. Forging materials of these steels have been used for such an environment, while there has been a strong demand for a higher performance material with high resistance to hydrogen embrittlement at lower cost. Thus, mechanical properties of Cr-Mo and Ni-Cr-Mo steels made of quenched and tempered seamless pipes in high-pressure hydrogen gas up to 105 MPa were examined in this study. The mechanical properties were deteriorated in the presence of hydrogen that appeared in reduction in local elongation, decrease in fracture toughness and accelerated fatigue-crack growth rate, although the presence of hydrogen did not affect yield and ultimate tensile strengths and made little difference to the fatigue endurance limit. It is proposed that pressure vessels for the storage of gaseous hydrogen made of these seamless line pipe steels can be designed.
Hydrogen Compatibility and Suitability of (Ni)-Cr-Mo High-Strength Low-Alloy Seamless Line Pipe Steels for Pressure Vessels for Hydrogen Storage
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Nagao, A, Ishikawa, N, & Takano, T. "Hydrogen Compatibility and Suitability of (Ni)-Cr-Mo High-Strength Low-Alloy Seamless Line Pipe Steels for Pressure Vessels for Hydrogen Storage." Proceedings of the ASME 2018 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference. Volume 1A: Codes and Standards. Prague, Czech Republic. July 15–20, 2018. V01AT01A041. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/PVP2018-84726
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