In many instances, pressure vessels and piping system designed for high temperature applications are exposed to localized hot spots. Hot spots usually occur as the refractory lining degrades over time during operation or process changes causing the surface temperature of the localized region to exceed Code allowable metal temperature. These localized overheating can reduce the overall structural integrity of the pressurized components due to lower yield and or ultimate tensile strength of the damaged region. If hot spots are left undetected, they can lead to catastrophic failure of the components.
This paper provides a simplified procedure to assess the effect of the hot spots on the pressure strength of the vessel. The procedure presented in this paper is applicable for hot spot temperatures in non-creep regime.