Electrofusion joint plays an important role in connecting plastic pipes and composite pipes. The safety of electrofusion joint has been of major concern affecting the pipeline system. Existing researches reveal that the failure of electrofusion joints is influenced by intrinsic factors such as welding and installation qualities, and external factors such as various load conditions. The combination of these factors would result in different failure modes of electrofusion joints. This paper provided a comprehensive review of current publications on failure analysis of electrofusion joints focusing on both the intrinsic and external factors. The former summarized premature failure of joints caused by incorrect production procedure before service, while the latter addressed the relation between failure modes and load conditions. Key factors affecting the failure modes were subsequently listed. Ultimately, based on current researches and industry hotspots, prospects on the development of electrofusion joint were discussed.