Endplates are widely used in the industry to attach supplementary steel structures to main building frames. These endplates can be attached to the building steel using a bolted connection or a welded connection. Industry often favors bolted connections due to ease of installation and availability of qualification methods per AISC 360 Design Guides. However, there are some applications where a welded connection is preferable, such as, cases requiring reduction of number of parts supplied or applications with higher chance of vibration causing loosening of bolts. The present case study discusses evaluation of stresses in welded endplates due to forces and moments from the attaching supplementary steel members. The study considers various welded connection scenarios including an endplate welded on two opposite sides and an endplate welded on all four sides. The stress distribution in the plate is studied using finite element analysis with wide flange and tube steel members attaching to it. ANSYS mechanical is used to perform the finite element analysis. Multiple combinations of plate sizes, weld patterns, and attaching member sizes are analyzed to provide a well-rounded solution. An analytical model is developed for the stress evaluation as well and the results are compared with the finite element model. The study is intended to provide an efficient methodology for plate evaluation and qualification.

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