Shoulder dislocations occur when the humeral head translates over the edge of the glenoid socket of the scapula, permanently stretching the capsular ligaments. This injury of the capsular tissue results in pathological joint laxity which is a major contributor to recurrent dislocations and is a key feature of shoulder instability. The ideal surgical parameters to correct this pathology have yet to be established due to a lack of understanding of how shoulder kinematics and capsular mechanics are affected by different surgical procedures. To address this knowledge gap, we developed patient-specific computer models of the shoulder which include anatomically accurate models of the capsule. The purpose of this study was to simulate capsular plication of the glenohumeral ligaments and to evaluate the effect different degrees of plication had on glenohumeral joint laxity and rotation.
- Bioengineering Division
Development of a Patient-Specific Computer Model of Glenohumeral Capsular Plication and Shoulder Instability
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Yongpravat, C, Urruela, AM, Levine, WN, Bigliani, LU, Gardner, TR, & Ahmad, CS. "Development of a Patient-Specific Computer Model of Glenohumeral Capsular Plication and Shoulder Instability." Proceedings of the ASME 2013 Summer Bioengineering Conference. Volume 1B: Extremity; Fluid Mechanics; Gait; Growth, Remodeling, and Repair; Heart Valves; Injury Biomechanics; Mechanotransduction and Sub-Cellular Biophysics; MultiScale Biotransport; Muscle, Tendon and Ligament; Musculoskeletal Devices; Multiscale Mechanics; Thermal Medicine; Ocular Biomechanics; Pediatric Hemodynamics; Pericellular Phenomena; Tissue Mechanics; Biotransport Design and Devices; Spine; Stent Device Hemodynamics; Vascular Solid Mechanics; Student Paper and Design Competitions. Sunriver, Oregon, USA. June 26–29, 2013. V01BT23A008. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/SBC2013-14300
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