In this paper, frequency response (dynamic compression and recovery) is suggested as a new physical marker to differentiate between breast cancer cells (MCF7) and normal cells (MCF10A). A single cell is placed on the laminated piezoelectric actuator and a piezoresistive microcantilever is placed on the upper surface of the cell at a specified preload displacement (or an equivalent force). The piezoelectric actuator excites the single cell in a sinusoidal fashion and its dynamic deformation is then evaluated from the displacement converted by measuring the voltage output through a piezoresistor in the microcantilever. The microcantilever has a flat contact surface with no sharp tip, making it possible to measure the overall properties of the cell rather than the local properties. These results indicate that the MCF7 cells are more deformable in quasi-static conditions compared with MCF10A cells, consistent with known characteristics. Under conditions of high frequency of over 50 Hz at a preload displacement, 1 Hz at a preload displacement, and all frequency ranges tested at a preload displacement, MCF7 cells showed smaller deformation than MCF10A cells. MCF7 cells have higher absorption than MCF10A cells such that MCF7 cells appear to have higher deformability according to increasing frequency. Moreover, larger preload and higher frequencies are shown to enhance the differences in cell deformability between the MCF7 cells and MCF10A cells, which can be used as a physical marker for differentiating between MCF10A cells and MCF7 cells, even for high-speed screening devices.
Dynamic Characterization of Human Breast Cancer Cells Using a Piezoresistive Microcantilever
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Shim, S., Kim, M. G., Jo, K., Kang, Y. S., Lee, B., Yang, S., Shin, S., and Lee, J. (September 10, 2010). "Dynamic Characterization of Human Breast Cancer Cells Using a Piezoresistive Microcantilever." ASME. J Biomech Eng. October 2010; 132(10): 104501. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4002180
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