Detailed optical measurements of the flow inside the rotating passages of a six-bladed shrouded centrifugal pump impeller of industrial design have been performed using particle image velocimetry (PIV) and laser Doppler velocimetry (LDV). Results include instantaneous and ensemble averaged PIV velocity vector maps as well as bin-resolved LDV data acquired in the midplane between hub and shroud of the impeller. The flow is surveyed at both design load and at severe off-design conditions. At design load, the mean field of relative velocity is predominantly vane congruent, showing well-behaved flow with no separation. At quarter-load, a previously unreported “two-channel” phenomenon consisting of alternate stalled and unstalled passages was observed, with distinct flow congruence between every second of the six passages. A large recirculation cell blocked the inlet to the stalled passage while a strong relative eddy dominated the remaining parts of the passage. The stall phenomenon was steady, nonrotating and not initiated via the interaction with stationary components. The study demonstrates that the PIV technique is efficient in providing reliable and detailed velocity data over a full impeller passage, also in the close vicinity of walls due to the use of fluorescent seeding. A quantitative comparison of blade-to-blade distributions of mean fields obtained by PIV and LDV showed a satisfactory agreement.
Flow in a Centrifugal Pump Impeller at Design and Off-Design Conditions—Part I: Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) and Laser Doppler Velocimetry (LDV) Measurements
Contributed by the Fluids Engineering Division for publication in the JOURNAL OF FLUIDS ENGINEERING. Manuscript received by the Fluids Engineering Division Sept. 20, 2001; revised manuscript received May 6, 2002. Associate Editor: Y. Tsujimoto.
Pedersen, N., Larsen, P. S., and Jacobsen, C. B. (January 22, 2003). "Flow in a Centrifugal Pump Impeller at Design and Off-Design Conditions—Part I: Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) and Laser Doppler Velocimetry (LDV) Measurements ." ASME. J. Fluids Eng. January 2003; 125(1): 61–72. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1524585
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