Sooting ethylene/air flames were investigated experimentally in a dual swirl gas turbine model combustor with good optical access at atmospheric pressure. The goals of the investigations were a detailed characterization of the soot formation and oxidation processes under gas turbine relevant conditions and the establishment of a data base for the validation of numerical combustion simulations. The flow field was measured by stereoscopic particle image velocimetry, the soot volume fractions by laser-induced incandescence, the heat release by OH chemiluminescence imaging and the temperatures by coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering. Two flames are compared: a fuel-rich partially premixed flame with moderate soot concentrations and a second one with the same parameters but additional injection of secondary air. Instantaneous as well as average distributions of the measured quantities are presented and discussed. The measured soot distributions exhibit a high temporal and spatial dynamic. This behavior correlates with broad temperature probability density functions. With injection of secondary air downstream of the flame zone the distributions change drastically. The data set, including PDFs of soot concentration, temperature and flow velocity, is unique in combining different laser diagnostics with a combustor exhibiting a more challenging geometry than existing validation experiments.
Experimental Analysis of Soot Formation and Oxidation in a Gas Turbine Model Combustor Using Laser Diagnostics
Geigle, K. P., Zerbs, J., Köhler, M., Stöhr, M., and Meier, W. (September 12, 2011). "Experimental Analysis of Soot Formation and Oxidation in a Gas Turbine Model Combustor Using Laser Diagnostics." ASME. J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power. December 2011; 133(12): 121503. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4004154
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