Heat conduction in micro- and nanoscale and in ultrafast processes may deviate from the predictions of the Fourier law, due to boundary and interface scattering, the ballistic nature of the transport, and the finite relaxation time of heat carriers. The transient ballistic-diffusive heat conduction equations (BDE) were developed as an approximation to the phonon Boltzmann equation (BTE) for nanoscale heat conduction problems. In this paper, we further develop BDE for multidimensional heat conduction, including nanoscale heat source term and different boundary conditions, and compare the simulation results with those obtained from the phonon BTE and the Fourier law. The numerical solution strategies for multidimensional nanoscale heat conduction using BDE are presented. Several two-dimensional cases are simulated and compared to the results of the transient phonon BTE and the Fourier heat conduction theory. The transient BTE is solved using the discrete ordinates method with a two Gauss-Legendre quadratures. Special attention has been paid to the boundary conditions. Compared to the cases without internal heat generation, the difference between the BTE and BDE is larger for the case studied with internal heat generation due to the nature of the ballistic-diffusive approximation, but the results from BDE are still significantly better than those from the Fourier law. Thus we conclude that BDE captures the characteristics of the phonon BTE with much shorter computational time.
Simulation of Nanoscale Multidimensional Transient Heat Conduction Problems Using Ballistic-Diffusive Equations and Phonon Boltzmann Equation
Manuscript received October 30, 2003; revision received September 12, 2004. Review conducted by: C. P. Grigoropoulos.
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Yang, R., Chen, G., Laroche, M., and Taur, Y. (March 24, 2005). "Simulation of Nanoscale Multidimensional Transient Heat Conduction Problems Using Ballistic-Diffusive Equations and Phonon Boltzmann Equation ." ASME. J. Heat Transfer. March 2005; 127(3): 298–306. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1857941
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