To obtain dissimilar joint for easily making multi-material structures, the characteristics of friction welded joint between ductile cast iron (FCD400) and 5052 Al alloy (A5052) was investigated. The relatively high tensile strength of joint was obtained when that was made with a friction speed of 27.5 s−1, a friction pressure of 20 MPa, a friction time of 1.5 s, and a forge pressure of 270 MPa, respectively. However, this joint had approximately 77% in the tensile strength of the A5052 base metal and that was fractured at the weld interface. Although the weld interface had no intermetallic compound layer, the fractured surface at the A5052 side had some graphite particles that were supplied from the FCD400 side. To improve the joint strength, the graphite particles were reduced from the weld faying surface at the FCD400 side by decarburization treatment. The joint had approximately 96% in the tensile strength of the A5052 base metal and that was fractured between the A5052 side and the weld interface. The joint with high tensile strength as well as the possibility improving the fractured point of that were obtained when those were made with opportune friction welding condition and no graphite particles at the weld faying surface of the FCD400 side.