The ideal acoustic black hole (ABH) can achieve wave gathering and zero reflection of elastic waves. In practice, ABHs have to be truncated, limiting their application in lower frequency range. Aiming at improving the ABH beam's vibration suppression ability at low frequencies, this study proposes a shunt damping-ABH composite beam by pasting shunt damping instead of ordinary damping on the ABH tip. The energy method is employed to solve the vibration equation of the ABH beam. The admissible function is the Mexican hat wavelet. The proposed method is verified by the finite element method. Compared with the uniform beam, the numerical results show the ABH beam has a noticeable attenuating effect in high-frequency range due to the ABH effect, but almost has no attenuating effect in the low-frequency range. Therefore, we introduce shunt damping to enhance the low-frequency vibration control. The shunt damping is composed of circuits connected to a piezoelectric patch. The effects of different circuits connected to the piezoelectric patch are discussed. The R–L shunt circuit and L–C parallel blocking circuit can simultaneously suppress the multimode vibration peak of the ABH beam at the low frequency successfully. Finally, a vibration experiment of ABH beam combined with shunt damping is implemented to verify the present method's feasibility and the shunt damping effect. The proposed shunt damping-ABH composite beam could improve the suppressing ability in both the low and high-frequency ranges.